(Section on Raising the Hands in the Prayer)
Author: Ameerul Mu’mineen in Hadith, Imam Muhammad bin Isma’eel al-Bukhari (rahimahullah)
Tahqeeq and Takhreej done by----Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai
All Praise is due to Allah. We praise Him, and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah, Most high, from the evils of our own selves and from our wicked deeds. Whomever Allah guides cannot be misguided, and whomever He leads astray cannot be guided. I testify that there is no true God worthy of being worshipped expect Allah, alone, without partner or associate. I further testify that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger (sallallahu alaihi Wasallam). May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him.
Verily, the best of speech is the Book of Allah, and the best of guidance is that of Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi Wasillam) and the evil of all matters is the innovation. Every innovation is a bid'ah, and every bid'ah is a misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Fire.
In the religion of Islam after declaring the shahadah, the second most important pillar is the Salaah (prayer). Whenever the messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to pray, He used to raise both his hands up to his ears or shoulders during the first takbeer, before ruku’ and after ruku, as is proven from the Mutawaatir ahadith. In common language, it is called “Rafa Yadain”.
The following Sahabas have reported doing rafa yadain:
1) Abdullah bin Umar----- (Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, and Juz Rafa yadain)
2) Maalik bin Huwayrath----- (Sahih Bukhari, Muslim and Juz)
3) Waa’il bin Hujr----- (Muslim and Juz)
4) Abu Humaid as-Saaidi----- (Sahih Ibn Hibban etc and Juz)
5) Abu Qatadah----- (Juz)
6) Sahl bin Sa’d----- (Juz)
7) Abu Aseed as-Saa’idi----- (Juz)
8) Muhammad bin Muslimah----- (Juz)
9) Abu Bakr Siddique----- (Sunan al-Kubra lil Baihaqi 73/2)
10) Umar bin Khatab----- (Al-Khalafiaat lil BaihaqI)
11) Ali bin Abi Talib----- (Juz)
12) Abu Hurairah----- (Sahih ibn Khuzaymah 694, 698)
13) Abu Moosa al-Asha’ri----- (Ad-Daraqutni 292/1)
14) Abdullah bin Zubair----- (Sunan al-Kubra by Baihqi 73/2)
15) Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansari----- (Sunan ibn Maja: 868 and Musnad al-siraaj: 92)
16) Anas bin Malik----- (Musnad Abu Ya’la: 3793, and Juz)
Imam Astakhri, Hafidh Suyooti, Ashraf Ali Thanwi Deobandi and others have affirmed to it, that every hadith that is reported from atleast ten narrators (Sahabas) is Mutawatir (See: Tadreeb al-Raawi 177/2, Kataf al-azhaar al-mutnathirah pg 21, Bawader al-nawader pg 136).
The books written on Mutawatir ahadith, mention especially the rafa yadain of before and after ruku’ to be mutawatir in them. (See: Nazm al-Mutnathir min al-Hadith al-Mutawatir 96, 97 etc)
The scholars who have declared the above mentioned rafa yadain to be Mutawatir, the name of some among those people of knowledge are as follows:
Al-Katani, Ibn al-Jawzi, Ibn Hajr, Zikriya al-Ansari, Al-Zubaydi and others. (See: Noorul Ainain pg 89, 90)
On the issue of rafa yadain in salaah, many scholars have written books and articles, for example:
1) Muhammad bin Nasr al-Marwazi’s book, “Kitaab Rafa yadain”.
2) Abu Bakr al-Bazzar
3) Abu Nai’m al-Asbahani, “Kitaab Rafa yadain fi salaah”
4) Taqi ud-Deen as-Subki, He wrote a risala on rafa yadain.
5) Ibn al-Qayyim.
Among them the most prominent is this book of Imam Bukhari, “Juz Rafa Yadain”.
It is my (i.e: Shaikh Zubair) fortunity that I found the best nuskha of Juz Rafa Yadain in the library of my teacher Shaikh Badee’ ud-Deen Shah Rashdi Sindhi (rahimahullah), which is a photostate of the Nuskha Zahriya. I did its Tahqeeq, Takhreej, and Translation by holding this Nuskha to be real.
[Continue in next post InshAllah]