Abu Nu’aim al-Fadal bin Dukain narrated to us, Qais bin Sulaim al-Anbari informed us, He said: I heard ‘Alqamah bin Wa’il bin Hujr, My father (Wa’il bin Hujr) narrated to me, He said: I prayed with Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), When He started the prayer, he said the takbeer and raised his hands, then he raised his hands when he intended to bow, and after the ruku’.
Its Sanad is Sahih. Nasai has also narrated it from Qays bin Saleem.
وَرَوَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ النَّهْشَلِيُّ ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ : " أَنَّ عَلِيًّا رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ، رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ فِي أَوَّلِ التَّكْبِيرِ ، ثُمَّ لَمْ يَعُدْ بَعْدُ "
Imam Bukhari said:
And Abu Bakr Al-Nahshali narrated with the Isnad of, An Aasim bin Kulaib, An Abeeh, that Verily Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) raised his hands in he beginning of the prayer, then he did not do it.
According to the Muhadditheen, this Narration is Da’eef and not proven. Imam Shafi’I said: “Wala Yasbut” (and it is not proven) [sunan al-Baihaqi 81/2]. Imam Daarimi and others has also criticized it. Therefore, the authentication of some Mutassib people, of this Hadith is not correct. It is obvious that the Muhadditheen know the Health and the weakness of their narrated ahadeeth more than any one else.
(The above saying of Imam Bukhari contiues from below)
فَإِذَا رَوَى رَجُلانِ ، عَنْ مُحَدِّثٍ ، قَالَ أَحَدُهُمَا : رَأَيْتُهُ فَعَلَ , وَقَالَ الآخَرُ : لَمْ أَرَهُ فَعَلَ ، فَالَّذِي قَالَ : رَأَيْتُهُ فَعَلَ ، فَهُوَ شَاهِدٌ , وَالَّذِي قَالَ : لَمْ يَفْعَلْ ، فَلَيْسَ هُوَ بِشَاهِدٍ لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَحْفَظِ الْفِعْلَ.
وَهَكَذَا قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ لِشَاهِدَيْنِ شَهِدَا : أَنَّ لِفُلانٍ عَلَى فُلانٍ أَلْفَ دِرْهَمٍ بِإِقْرَارِهِ , وَشَهِدَ آخَرَانِ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يُقِرَّ بِشَيْءٍ ، فَإِنَّهُ يَقْضِي بِقَوْلِ الشَّاهِدَيْنِ اللَّذَيْنِ شَهِدَا بِإِقْرَارِهِ ، وَيَسْقُطُ مَا سِوَاهُ ، وَكَذَلِكَ ، قَالَ بِلالٌ : " رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ صَلَّى فِي الْكَعْبَةِ " , وَقَالَ الْفَضْلُ بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ : " لَمْ يُصَلِّ " , فَأَخَذَ النَّاسُ بِقَوْلِ بِلالٍ لأَنَّهُ شَاهِدٌ , وَلَمْ يَلْتَفِتُوا إِلَى قَوْلِ مَنْ قَالَ : لَمْ يُصَلِّ حِينَ لَمْ يَحْفَظْ.
وَقَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ ذَكَرْتُ لِلثَّوْرِيِّ حَدِيثَ النَّهْشَلِيِّ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ كُلَيْبِ ، فَأَنْكَرَهُ .
(The saying of Imam Bukhari continues…) And the Hadith of Ubaidullah (of doing rafa yadain) is more Authentic, Moreover, In this Hadith of Kulaib the doing of Rafa Yadain is not mentioned. And the Hadith of Ubaidullah (of doing rafa yadain) is Witness. Hence, if two people narrate from a Muhaddith. If One (of them) says: “I say, He has done this”, and the other says, “I have not seen him doing this”. So the one who said, that “I have seen him doing it”, is the witness, and the one who said that, “He has not done this work”, is not the witness because he did not preserve it.
And Similarly (this is what) Abdullah bin Az-Zubair said to those two Witnesses, who had given witness to him. When a person said: so-and-so person owes thousand dirham to so-and-so, and the other two witnesses said that He does not owe anything to anyone, so Abdullah bin Az-Zubair accepted the witnesses of those two people, and neutralized the other witness.
And Similarly, when Bilal said: “I have seen Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) performing salah in the Ka’bah”, and Al-Fadal bin Abbas said: “He (pbuh) did not pray in the Ka’bah”, so people took the saying of Bilal who was the witness, and left the saying of the other person, who said: “He (pbuh) did not pray in the Ka’bah”, because this person did not preserve it.
And Abdurrehman bin Mahdi said: I presented the Hadith of Al-Nahshali from Aasim bin Kulaib, to Sufyaan ath-Thawri, thus he rejected it.