The Beard

Fiqh is Islamic jurisprudence. Fiqh is an expansion of the Sharia Islamic law—based directly on the Quran and Sunnah
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Nisa
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Joined: Mon Apr 18, 2011 7:28 am

The Beard

Post by Nisa » Tue May 24, 2011 2:58 pm

The Beard


Definition


The beard (Arabic: liyah) is defined as the hair which grows on the cheeks and the jaws. It includes the hair of the temples, the growth underneath the lower lip, the hair of the chin, and the hair that grows on the lower side of the jaws.


The Islamic Ruling Concerning Beards


Growing the beard is a wajib (mandatory) for all males who are capable of doing so. This has ample evidence in the Sunnah (as will be shown below) and is the unanimous opinion of the ulamaa of Islam. One should not be misled by the neglect to this sunnah by a few contemporary shaykhs, and by their providing shaky fatwas to support their action. By doing that they make people follow them into the wrong way, when the Messenger (S) said:

He who starts a good sunnah (way) will be rewarded for it, in addition to receiving rewards equal to the rewards of those who follow him into it. Whereas he who starts a bad sunnah will be burdened with it, in addition to receiving burdens equal to the burdens of those who follow him into it. [Muslim]

And he said:

Allah does not pull the knowledge abruptly from the hearts of people, but he takes away the knowledge by taking [the lives of] the `ulamaa (true scholars). When no `ulamaa are left, people will take ignorant persons for leaders. Those will give them fatwa (religious verdicts) without knowledge. By doing this, they will stray and lead others astray as well. [Al-Bukhari]


A List of Violations


Shaving the beard results in a series of Islamic violations, as is obvious from Allah's Book and His Messenger's Sunnah. The following is a list (not necessarily comprehensive) of such violations:


a. A Disobedience to Allah (T)


Shaving the beard is a disobedience to Allah (T). The ruler of Yemen, appointed by the Persian emperor Kisraa, sent two envoys to the Messenger (S) to summon him. When they came into his presence, he noticed that they had shaved their beards and grew their moustaches. He hated to look at them (because of their odd appearance) and he said: Woe be to you, who told you to do so? They replied: "Our lord! (referring to Kisraa.)" The Messenger (S) then said: But my Lord, may He be exalted and glorified, has commanded me to leave alone my beard and to trim my moustache. [Recorded by Ibn Jar r a-abar , and judged to be Hasan (good) by al-Albani.]


b. A Disobedience To the Messenger (S)


Shaving the beard is a disobedience to the Messenger (S). In many hadiths, the Messenger (S) commanded men to leave alone their beards. These different hadiths have a similar meaning:


Trim the moustache and save the beard. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]


Obeying the Messenger (S) in that is equivalent to obeying Allah (T) who said (what means): He who obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah. [An-Nisaa 4:80]


c. A Deviation from the Appearance and Guidance of the Messenger (S)


Shaving the beard is a deviation from the appearance and guidance of the Messenger (S). The Messenger (S) used to have a large beard [Muslim]. One should strive to imitate him (S) in his practices, as Allah (T) said (what means):In the Messenger of Allah is a good example for you to follow. [Al-Ahzab 33:21]


And the Messenger (S) said: Verily, the best guidance is Muhammad's guidance [Muslim]



d. A Deviation from the Way of Believers


Shaving the beard is a deviation from the way of believers. All the prophets (S), the sahbah (Prophet's companions), the great `ulamaa, and the righteous early Muslims of this Ummah (Nation) grew their beards. There is no report of a single one of them ever shaving his beard. Thus, this is their way, and Allah (T) says (in the meaning):

Whoever disobeys the Messenger after guidance has been clarified to him, and follows other than the path of the believers, We shall give to him what he deserves and broil him in hell, which is the worst abode. [An-Nisaa 4:115]


e. An Imitation of the Disbelievers


Shaving the beard is an imitation of the disbelievers. This has been emphasized in several hadiths of the Prophet (S). For example: Cut the moustaches and grow your beards. Be different from the Magians (followers of a religion that dominated in Persia). [Muslim]


Cut your moustaches and leave your beards alone. Be different from the people of the scripture. [Muslim]


Be different from the Mushrikin (those who worship other than Allah (T)); trim your moustaches and save your beards. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]


We have been commanded to be different and distinct from the disbelievers, as in surat ul-Fatihah. Also, Allah (T) said (what means):


Follow not the whims of those who have no knowledge (of Islam). [Al-Jathiyah 45:18]


And His Messenger (S) said: Whoever imitates a people is but one of them. [Recorded by Abu Dawud, and judged to be authentic by al-Albani]



f. Changing Allah's Creation without Permission


The Messenger (S) declared that the women who change what Allah (T) has created (such as removing the hair from their faces or filing their teeth or tattooing their bodies) seeking by that to improve their appearance, are accursed by Allah (T). [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The hadith mentioned women in particular because they normally seek to beautify themselves more than men. But the warning surely applies to both sexes, because the condition for the curse is declared, and thus the curse applies to anyone who satisfies such condition.


Shaving the beard falls under this warning, as it is much worse than the Nam (removal of facial hair) practiced by some women. It involves obeying Satan who said:
And I shall tempt them until they change what Allah has created. [An-Nisaa 4:119]



g. An Imitation of Women


The beard is a major distinction between men and women. Shaving it removes this distinction, and is thus a means of imitating women. The Messenger (S) said:
Allah curses those men who imitate the women, and He curses those women who imitate the men. [Al-Bukhari]



h. Shaving the Beard Contradicts the Pure Fitrah (Nature)


Allah's Messenger (S) mentioned ten qualities as indicative of a good, clean nature [Muslim]. Two of these qualities are to trim the moustaches and to grow the beard.
The Messenger (S) also tells that every child is born with a clean, pure fitrah, which later may get deformed by the influence of the environment and the up-bringing. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].



In the footsteps of the disbelievers, many Muslims' fitrah is now, unfortunately, so much deformed that they seem to find a clean-shaven man more handsome and masculine than one with a beard - exactly the opposite of what the Messenger (S) declared in the above hadith.


This fitrah never changes with time: Allah (T) said (what means):


The pure nature according to which Allah has created people. There is no change in Allah's creation [Ar-Room 30:30]


For shaving their beards, some men give the strange excuse that their wives prefer them without one! As if their purpose in this life is to follow the deformed inclinations of their wives instead of the clear-cut commands of Allah (T) and His Messenger (S)!

Others claim that growing their beards results in an irritability and scratching. This cannot result from abiding by the pure fitrah, but would result (if true) from neglect of the proper cleaning and washing with wudu as instructed in the Sunnah.



What the `Ulamaa and Imams Say

All the `ulamaa of as-Salaf us- Saalih, including the Four Imams, agreed that shaving the beard is haram (prohibited). They considered shaving it an impermissible mutilation, as has been reported about Umar bin Abdil-Aziz. They used to consider the person who shaved his beard effeminate. Many of them would not accept his witness or allow him to lead the prayers.


May Allah (T) guide us to abide by His Deen, and to adhere to His Messenger's Sunnah, and to be among those whom he blessed in both lives
كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْقِتَالُ وَهُوَ كُرْهٌ لَّكُمْ وَعَسَىٰ أَن تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ وَعَسَىٰ أَن تُحِبُّوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ شَرٌّ لَّكُمْ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
"Jihad (holy fighting in Allah's Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know"
- Quran 2:216

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Nisa
Posts: 701
Joined: Mon Apr 18, 2011 7:28 am

Re: The Beard

Post by Nisa » Fri Feb 24, 2012 3:28 pm

When the foolish one speaks, do not reply to him, for better than a response (to him) is silence, and if you speak to him you have aided him, and if you leave him (with no reply) in extreme sadness he dies.- Imam Ash-Shaafi'ee
كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْقِتَالُ وَهُوَ كُرْهٌ لَّكُمْ وَعَسَىٰ أَن تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ وَعَسَىٰ أَن تُحِبُّوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ شَرٌّ لَّكُمْ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
"Jihad (holy fighting in Allah's Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know"
- Quran 2:216

AbuAmin
Posts: 21
Joined: Mon Dec 19, 2011 9:15 pm

My Beard

Post by AbuAmin » Thu Mar 15, 2012 10:12 am

My Beard


Glorified be He who beautifies women with long locks of hair 
And Men with long beards 
There is beauty in the beard 
Aye, there is beauty in the beard! 
When the lion roars all the animals submit? 
For the lion is the king of the jungle 
The lion with its glorious mane 
And a Muslim man grows his mane in pride 
Showing the rest of humanity that he is to be respected 
Can one imagine a lion without its mane? 
Nay, thou canst not! 
Then imagine a man without his beard 

Woe to worldly women who mock the beards so! 
Desiring husbands with clean shaven faces 
Woe to women who mock the Prophets Sunnah 
In the name of hygiene, neatness and smooth texture 
Indeed the women of this world cannot like the beard 
But she who wants Paradise adores the beard! 

A beard is a gift given to man 
Something only he can grow; a woman never can! 
When he ponders, he gently strokes it; 
When he eats, it stores food; 
When he is with kids, they play with it adoringly; 
When he is with his wife, she fondles it lovingly; 
When the enemy see it, fear is struck in their hearts! 

Ah! there is indeed beauty in the beard! 
All the Prophets had beards - yes they did! 
Muhammad (PBUH) had a beard - so big! so big! 
All the companions had beards - o yes! o yes! 
All the sages had beards - I know! I know! 
All the wise have beards - tis true! tis true! 
All the pious have beards - you see! you see! 
All the Muslims have beards!? - if only! if only! 
Who did not have beards? The kafirun! 
Who had clean shaven faces? The kafirun! 
Who grew their moustaches? The kafirun! 

"And what did our Prophet (PBUH) order?" I here you ask 
He ordered us to lengthen the beard and trim the moustache! 
Lengthen the beard and trim the moustache! 
What greater reason that this can there be 
The fact that our Prophet told us to see 
That we make ourselves appear to the world 
As full bearded men with honour untold 
O Muslim brother! Why do you desire to look like a woman 
When your blessed facial hair is the differece between you and the opposite gender? 

O poor Muslim brother! Why do you imitate the kafir 
Instead of following the Prophet of Islam? 
O silly Muslim sister! Why are you so blind? 
Infatuated with Bollywood actors who have no mind! 
O wretched sister! Are you not scared of your choice? 
You would rather have a feminine monkey instead of an exalted manly ape! 

So indeed I love my beard 
And adore the curls and tangles 
Which no oil, gel or superglue can ever straighten 
My glorious long, curly, messy, fluffy beard! 
The playhouse for kids; 
The envy of Malaysian people 
And the beloved of Allah! 
I maybe rejected by worldly women because of this hair on my face 
But who cares! For my Mum loves it and she puts all such sisters to disgrace! 
Be patient Muslim brothers, who shun the trendy look for a Prophetic pose 
Paradise with the wide eyed Houris is our final abode....insha'Allah !!!!!


Context of poem by the author

I came to eat dinner in my halls of residence one day last year when two sisters started laughing at me;I had some food stuck in my beard. They went on to innocently and honestly mock my beard saying it was messy, unnatural and unhygienic. Little did they know the rage that I felt as a result of this and I channeled this rage byunleashing my anger through my pen and out came this poem. 

I performed this poem in the Leicester University/DMU Islamic Societies and Eid Celebration and it was received with much laughter and acclaim - Alhamdulillah. Due to popular demand and many requests I have decided to type my poem up and email it to my friends in Islam. Let me remind you all not to be offended as this is no fatwa or religious statement - just a funny poem that spontaneously was produced as a result of my unfortunate experience... 12th March 2001 (Author: Unknown)

Umar ibn al-Khattaab RA rejected the testimony of the person who plucked his beard. Imaam Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr said in al-Tamheed: “It is forbidden to shave the beard, and no one does this except men who are effeminate” i.e., those who imitate women. The Prophet PBUH had a thick beard (reported by Muslim from Jaabir)

It was narrated from Ibn Abbas that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) cursed women who imitate men and men who imitate women." [Abu Dawud - graded sahih]
مِّنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ رِجَالٌ صَدَقُوا مَا عَاهَدُوا اللَّـهَ عَلَيْهِ ۖ فَمِنْهُم مَّن قَضَىٰ نَحْبَهُ وَمِنْهُم مَّن يَنتَظِرُ ۖ وَمَا بَدَّلُوا تَبْدِيلًا

Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah, of them some have fulfilled their obligations, and some of them are still waiting, but they have never changed in the least. (Quran 33:23)

Abu_Umarah
Posts: 9
Joined: Thu May 17, 2012 4:16 pm

Re: The Beard

Post by Abu_Umarah » Thu May 17, 2012 5:25 pm

Amazing poem.. JazakAllahu Khairan for sharing it

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