In the name of Allah, the Most-Merciful, the All-Compassionate
As-Salaam Alaikum Wa-Rahmatullahi Wa-Barakatuhu
"May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon You"
1-Before Democracy 1923-1946
After losing everything in WW1,The Ottoman Empire declared its defeat officially .However,without official control of The Empire,last scattared Ottoman Armies and Citizens struggled for the independence of plausible boundary lines against invasion of (British Supported)Greece and We succeeded.However,New established Turkey
changed in an amazing sharp way(that we cannot easily say that this was result of inner motives but clearly can be said that there was great amount of external impacts by newly established Government.)
What was the Reforms?
0-Removal(Disclaim)of Ottoman Kingdom by New Organizing Turkish Government(1922 before establishing Turkey)
1-Declare of New Turkish Republic(29 October 1923)
Mustafa Kamal decleared on the Parliment that they will determine the new political ideology of Turkey but before determining it,He said he will talk and discuss one by one with each person.They discussed but ones who supported klilafah and islamic government were convinced by keeping klilafah and more talking)
2-Removal of Khalifah(3 March 1924)
Reasons of Mustafa Kamal(during he was giving a Jumua Khutbah in Balikesir,Turkey);
i-Muslims in other Countries will not listen us any more since they became different countries(these newly establishing or colonalized other countries were hugely under pressure of invading countries and externally(British or French) supported local leaders.
ii-We dont have power to support and defend all islamic countries.
(During these Khutbah Mustafa Kamal pointed out really many true mistakes of the Country in many cases but as solution,he showed Natioanalism and Modernization under nearlly just as Westernization)
--Parliment was easily refixing in that time since there was reshaping-Turkey process and it was priority instead of having a democratic life as priority--
3-Oneness in Education(Tawhed-e Tadreesat)(again 3 Marh 1924)
During Ottoman they were Government Schools and Madrasah Education(which is mostly Mentor oriented,more flexible and free from Empire and studying sharia(islamic law) was very critical point of Madrasah Education and they were locally-self supported institues like today's pakistan style),so Madrasah s were given under control of Government not to act indedependet.Then madrasah s were directly closed down because as their way of construction and education style,they were not really proper place for regular,systematic education of hundreds-thousands of people at same time by different lecturers in different classes.
4-Hat and Cloth Revolution(23 August 1925)
This is really strage Reform in Turkey that maybe even now we have this law in our law system.
This laws makes wearing Hat mandatory instead of wearing Fas(new ottoman version of Hat) and Turban.By these laws,let alone citizens,even Imams and Islamic scholars cannot wear Turban.
Many 3ulama (islamic scholars)who have insisted on wearing Turban were hung up or went to prisons.
5-Removal of Takka and Zaweya(Islamic Tareqah s and Lecture Meeting Places)(30 November 1925)
Takkas and Zaweya s were playing significant role in teaching islam,remembering Allah (jj) together and for the issues of social life but they were also closed down.As example,Just in Istanbul,there were officially known nearlly 340 Takka and Zaweya in that time.Also great financers;Awqaf(islamic and islamic-social foundations) were given to government to be sold or to use as storage(for crops) or stall(for animals).
Imams of Mosques were also getting their salaries from Awqaf so many Imam s have had a financially hard time.Wearing clearlly Islamic Clothes in streets were also banned since it may be considered as misusing islam to abuse people's faithful feelings.Many mosques were closed,destroyed,sold and garden of some were used as football field.
6-Letter Revolution(1 November 1928)
Instead of using Persian Letters as Ottoman Alphabet,Latin letters were started to be used as adaptation to the West and a way for increasing literacy.Teaching Persian and Arabic letters were banned.and even having Arabic and Persian books were banned(for all books?I dont know but many people buried even their Quran to underground because of unstable and unknown situation of Country)And Many people sent their hand written books and many other books to Libraries;mostly to Sulaimania Library(It is 2nd greatest Handwritten Book Library Collection in the World now.1st one is also in Egypt:))
So many people had to learn how to read Quran secretly.Some Greatest 3Ulama migrated to Egypt and some other countries(like last Sheikh al Islam of Ottoman Empire)
Secularism was a process in turkey,added officially into law system in 1937.
8-Closing Government Shariah Schools of Government by Government(1929-1933)
In the case of Islam,Turkey had lost free-islamic teaching because of pressure on islam and the islam the government teaches officially were not making possible to teach whole islam since the country was not an islamic country.
All Shariah High Schools were closed in 1929 and All Shariah Departments in Universities were closed in 1933.No islamic education was left to be specialized on it.
9-Turkish Adhan(from 1932 to 1950)
Adhan had to be recited in Turkish as "learn the real islam movement" policy of government.It was banned to be recited in Arabic for 17-18 years.Even Salah(praying) was considered to be turned into Turkish but it couldnt be succeed.Today,some Kamalists still support these ideas and even there is newly published book in turkey called as "Turkish Salah is Our Right!"I dont think people care it:)
Arabic and Persian words in New Turkish Republic was so much and as language policy, arabic and persian words were tried to be eliminated in new bilingual dictionaries and in normal life.However,they turned into so funny dictionaries that for words starting with certain letters,the number of words were less than 50 for many.But after years many words from french and english were included into turkish language and many words are invented.So most Turkish people cannot understand books written 100 years before now.
2-Tolerant Democracy from 1946(or 1950) to 2002--(from 2002 to Now??)
In the new appearance of entering democratic life,A new Party was being organized in Turkey.It was so new that Old Republic Party made the elections earlier not to lose it and in 1946 unsurprisingly Republic Party won the election.However,in the next 3 election,a new more liberal(not islamic but it was containing some islamic people inside also) Democrat Party got the elections and governed country 9-10 years.
The very important point here is that Old Republic Party didnt just make Reforms but they changed everything.
Old Republic Party changed all Power Factors;
Everything in Turkey started with Army.Mustafa Kamal was The Highest Commandor in Independence War and He made Policy and Army as distinct organizations.
Many people having same ideology with Mustafa Kamal entered into political life and Army was dominantly having same political ideology.Because unification and oneness started in Army.
After Turkey established,new economic reforms were done and ones who had same ideologies were supported financially by Government.
With Tawhed-e Tadreesat Ottoman Scholars with different ideology were sent out.While teaching Arabic and Persian were main languages.Teaching French,German and English and Western education style was transfered from Europe.Many Foreign Schools(Missionary) were established.
French Positivist Books were fastly translated into Turkish.Anti-Islamic books and Books against Ottoman Empire and Kings were published a lot.
They taught Turkish people's ancestors and values are old turks in middle asia.
They memorized Mustafa and Republic songs to children.
We repeated so many times "if Mustafa Kamal had not exist,we were in prison"
Law System was also organized with respect to the ideology of new Turkey
By Radios,magazines,tv channels,old republic partu made their propoganda and tried to wash brain of public.
With thinking to govern country freely,new Democrat Party made new Reforms back
Islamic High Schools and Shariah Departments in Universities were started to be opened.Adhan was turned into Arabic again.so on.
However,things were very new.
!!!The public were not knowing the secret underground government in Turkey!!!
A group of High Commandors from Army with their soldiers stopped political life!
They sent many important oppositions of Old Republic Party to A Island for Judicial Courtç
They made court trial but didnt let President to talk very much!
They made videos of accused Parliment Members in the Island by having fun of them in Video!
They hung up President!
They changed law system and made Army as important as politicians in politic life!
We learnt sth new that;
we are not free really!!!
and we learnt and learnt!!
Allah(jj) helped and their secret games are being revealed in Turkey now.
Yesterday,Egypt sent Mubarak out!And same day 163 people were arrested;mostly from Army in Turkey
This secret government is trying to control every important place.
And when they understand that they are losing,they play dirty games;
They try to kill president!
They use students,media,significant economic and other social organizations,lawmakers and whatever they have to protest and make chaos!
They put provocators inside muslims to make chaos!
They send a man who says "Allahu Akbar!" and kills very high officials in government!
and their plan is to make Army to enter to scene!
and Leaving Government to Old Republic Party!!
What Turkey is trying to do?
Army is nearlly full-independent.
Army is so strict and against islam that that if you say "bismillah" by mistake before eating or say "alaykum salam" when a person say to you "give salam to your family".You are kicked out from Army.They check your family.They check whether you drink alcholic drink or not.they check whether your wife is wearing short skirt and not wearing headscarf so on.
So of course you cannot pray:).
Solution?we make police officers stronger against army because it is controlled by government.
Muslims leaves everything about islam and enter as secret agent to army.
Peole love us:)and we get the politics.
We try to make things in right way and we govern country better:)
We say democracy,development,freedom.
Most Turkish muslims have chosen this way.
When Radical things were tried to be done,army stopped government.Killed many people and sent many to prison for torture and jail.We acted peacefully.We made riots like Egyptians but they have gun and afraid of us.
We got together.
Opened factories.Made economics organizations against republicians.
Now we control government and we support our economic organizations more.
If you have power,in future you control media more:)
We established more conservative private high schools and now establishing new universities.Education is really really important part of our struggle.Here We need Hassan Ibn Sabit s
Prophet said him in poem wars before the war;
"Ya Hassan show face-dirtiness of Mushrekuun's and Kafeeruun's!Jebrel is with you!As my ashab fight with their hands,fight with your tongue!"
New Madrasah s are also being established to connect modern science and old ottoman education to continue our road.These are non-official institues.
Now we are changing law system.
We made referandum for it and %54 of public wanted it to change(nearlly every party was against Tayyeb Erdogan but they couldnt stop him:))
People of Underground government,their tv channels,social organizations get crazy:)But they still play games.They have their doctors also in their hospitals and they say "he is ill.he cannot go prison!"
Now what we make?
we make new hospitals near to Judicial Courts controlled by Government:)
Now most of our students are encouraged to study law.
This year the Biggest Judicial Court in Europe was built in Turkey.It nearlly finished.
Most Media was controlled by old Riches supported by Old Republician Party.
But we struggled for it alot.
Now most selling newspaper is belonging us.
We established tv channels and our riches buy big tv channels.
Now there is no riot in Turkey
There is no dying person in Turkey
However,last 8 years,we are in a great war
War of Law,Politics, Media,Economics,EducationArmy-Police.
These things are not secret
At least 3-5 Millions people here knows and follow these things
author: Murad Talha